General features : The US state of Washington is the only American state to be named after a president. It is located in the Pacific Northwest region. It shares its borders with Canadian province of British Columbia in the north, Oregon in the south, Idaho in the east and the Pacific Ocean in the west. It is the eighteenth-largest state in the union. The landscape of the state can be divided into six geographic land areas : Olympic Mountains : The Olympic Mountains are located in the northwest corner of Washington. It is bordered by the Strait of Juan de Fuca in the north and Pacific Ocean in the west. Most of the land area lies within the borders of Olympic National Park. Coast Range : Coast Range is situated to the south of the Olympic Mountains, in the southwest corner of Washington. Willapa Hills is one of the notable features of the Coast Range in Washington. Puget Sound Lowlands : Puget Sound Lowlands lies to the east of the Olympic Mountains and the west of the Cascade Mountains. It also includes the land along the Chehalis River which runs to the Pacific Ocean. Around 75% of the population lives in the Puget Sound Lowlands. The Strait of Juan de Fuca connects Puget Sound to the Pacific Ocean. Cascade Mountains : The highest point in the state, Mount Ramier, is located in the Cascade Mountains. It lies to the east of the Puget Sound Lowlands. This area has several volcanic peaks, most of them inactive. Forest covers the lower slopes of the mountains. Columbia Plateau : The Columbia Plateau or the Columbia Basin is located in the central and southern Washington. It lies to the south and the east of the great bend in the Columbia River. It is part of the largest lava plateau in the world. "Coulees" and "Scablands" are some of the unique features of the plateau. Rocky Mountains : The Rocky Mountains in Washington are called the Columbia Mountains and consist of ridges and valleys cut by the Columbia River. It is a source of natural resources such as copper, lead, gold, limestone, zinc and silver. Geographical Facts About Washington Climate of Washington : The Climate of the state varies from west to east. Primary factors that determine the climate of the state are the large semi-permanent high-pressure and low-pressure systems of the north Pacific Ocean, the continental air masses of North America, and the Olympic and Cascade mountains. The western region of the state has humid and mild climate, while the east of the Cascade Range has cool, dry climate. The average annual temperature varies from 51 degrees Fahrenheit on the Pacific coast to 40 degrees Fahrenheit in the northeast. The western region of the Olympic Peninsula receives more than 160 inches of rainfall annually while the western slopes of Cascade Range see very heavy snowfall annually. Mountains : Mountain Rainier is the highest peak in the state of Washington. Other prominent mountains in the state area: Lakes : Major lakes in the state of Washington are Diablo Lake, Lake Franklin, D. Roosevelt and Lake Washington. Lake Washington is the second largest lake in the state. Rivers : Columbia River is the largest river in the Pacific Northwest. It rises in the Rocky Mountains and flows into the US state of Washington. Other major rivers in the state are : Snake River Yakima River Sumas River Nooksack River Skagit River
Washington is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the US. Named after George Washington, the first president of the United States, the state was created from the western part of the Washington Territory, ceded by the British Empire in 1846, under the Treaty of Oregon in settlement of Disputes Oregon boundary. The state, bordered to the west of the Pacific Ocean, Oregon to the south, Idaho to the east, and the Canadian provinces of British Columbia to the north, were admitted to the Union as 42nd status in 1889. Olympia is state capital; The state's largest city is Seattle. Washington is often referred to as the state of Washington to distinguish it from the nation's capital, Washington, DC.
Washington is the 18 largest states, with an area of 71,362 square miles (184,827 square kilometers), and the 13 most populous in the country, with more than 7.6 million people. About 60% of Washington's residents live in the Seattle metropolitan area, the transportation, business, and industrial hub along Puget Sound, a Pacific estuary comprised of many islands, fjords and bays created by glaciers. The rest of the state includes deep temperate rainforests to the west; mountains in the west, center, northeast and far southeast; and a semi-arid basin area in the east, central and south, assigned to intensive agriculture. Washington is the second most populous state in the West Bank and the US West Bank, after California. Mount Rainier, an active stratum, is the state's highest elevation, at nearly 14,411 feet (4,392 meters), and is the most prominent topographic mountain on the contiguous United States.
Traveling in Washington State Washington State has a lot to offer in terms of tourism. The 100-year-old Pike Place Market in downtown Seattle is a shopper's paradise and home to the first Starbucks. The Olympic National Park (a UNESCO World Heritage Site) and North Cascades National Park, have a multitude of geological formations, including glacial peaks, alpine meadows, rugged coastline and temperate rain forest. Lake Chelan and Lake Crescent beckons visitors to their sparkling shores for leisure activities. Alki Beach, Shi Shi Beach (pronounced shy), Ruby Beach, Rialto Beach, and First Beach, are some of the fascinating beaches along the Pacific Coast. Loneliness seekers love to uncover the hidden secrets of Puget Sound and the charm of the San Juan Islands. Manito Park, Botanical Garden, Riverside Park, Seattle Art Museum, Snoqualmie Falls, Ballard Lock, Mount St. National Volcano Monument Helens, Woodland Park Zoo, Seattle Center, Space Needle and Kidd Valley, are just some of the highest-ranked places to visit in Washington State.
Getting around Washington State By air - Seattle-Tacoma International Airport (SEA), and Spokane International Airport (GEG), are the two main airports in the state. By Train - The Cascades, Empire Builder and Coast Starlight Amtrak lines run through major cities like Vancouver, Seattle and Tacoma. Roads - I-90, I-5, and I-82 are the major interstate highways connecting the state with the rest of the county.
Whether it's a hike into vast, unspoilt, evergreen forests or a shopping spree in urban parks and upscale markets, the state of Washington has staggering range of possibilities for travelers. From snow-clad mountains and fog-shrouded coastline to unrivaled grunge music scene and rural fairs, the state's delights are abundantly rewarding. Olympic National Park Olympic National Park is located in the Olympic Peninsula, Washington. It is spread across 922,650 acres of land and can be divided into four major regions: the Pacific coastline, Alpine areas, the west-side temperate rainforest, and the forests of the drier east side. It was established on June 29,1938 and is managed by National Park Services. It is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site as well as International Biosphere Reserve. Approximately two million people visit the park every year. Iron Horse State Park Iron Horse State Park is located in the Cascade Mountains and Yakima River Valley. It is a part of Washington State Park System and covers an area of 1,612 acres of land. The heritage park commemorates railroads and is popular with hikers and cyclists. It is popular for its scenery rather than its history. Ruby Beach Ruby Beach is a coastal section of Olympic National Park. It is notable for the number of sea stacks and has huge amount of driftwoods. Dungeness Spit Dungeness Spit is the longest natural sand spit in the country. It was founded by Europeans during the 1790 Spanish expedition. It was named by George Vancouver in 1792. The name refers to the Dungeness headland in England. The spit is located in northeastern Clallam County, Washington. It protects Dungeness Bay and is home of the Dungeness Lighthouse. It covers a total area of 314.18 acres. Mount St. Helens National Volcanic Monument Mount St. Helens National Volcanic Monument is a National Monument. It is located around Mount St. Helens in Washington. It was established by US President Ronald Reagan on August 27, 1982, after the eruption of Mount St. Helens. It covers an area of 110,000 acres of land and is managed by US Forest Service. Mount-climbing to the summit of the volcano has been allowed since 1986. It is set aside for research, recreation, and education. Things to do in Washington Here are some of the most visited travel destinations in Washington state − Olympic National Park Mount Rainier National Park Pike Place Market Museum of Flight Puget Sound Space Needle San Juan Islands More...